Acid lime uses

What Are Some Uses for Lime Powder? - Reference

  1. By Staff Writer Last Updated April 13, 2020 Manufacturers apply the term lime powder to three different chemical compounds that are related and have similar uses, including application to acid soil to improve plant growth. Acid soil prevents the growth of lawn grass, but adding lime to raise the pH of the soil improves the health of the grass
  2. People use lime for scurvy, malaria, sickle cell disease, gastrointestinal disorders, vaginal infections, and many other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses...
  3. Lime zest and juice are common ingredients in desserts and baked goods, such as Key lime pie, cookies, and ice cream. This citrus fruit can also be used in savory dishes and to add flavor to both..
  4. Lime adds these two essential elements to the soil, but it is more commonly used to correct the soil pH. Most plants prefer a pH between 5.5 and 6.5. If the pH is too high (alkaline) or too low (acidic), plants can't absorb the nutrients that are available in the soil
  5. In a soil with a very acidic pH of 4.5, for example, it is estimated that about 70 percent of applied fertilizer is wasted because plants can't make use of it. 1  Agricultural lime for lawns has alkaline properties and when applied systematically as a soil amendment, it can work to adjust the overall soil pH away from the acidic side and back toward neutral pH
Neutralisation (Learn) : Chemistry : Class 7 : Amrita

LIME: Overview, Uses, Side Effects, Precautions

  1. Even though lime includes calcium and magnesium, which are essential nutrients for healthy plant growth, it's not a substitute for fertilizer. Lime's primary role is to alter soil pH and offset soil acidity, which can improve the availability of plant nutrients. 2
  2. imize fine lines, as a skin brightener and to correct dark spots. Ingredients in lipsticks, soap and detergents may list Sodium citrate, a salt of citric acid
  3. Acids get a bad rap—when we hear the word, we often picture some kind of vat of flesh-eating, lime-green liquid. But acids of all kinds, including muriatic acid, have tons of practical uses, and not just for super villains! Homeowners, leatherworkers, and even the pearl industry use muriatic acid on a daily basis
  4. eral paint, and limestone blocks which may be of many types. The qualities of the many types of processed lime affect how they are used
  5. Slaked Lime Traditional Uses: Slaked lime is used to regulate the pH levels of soil, for whitewashing, in certain hair preparations, dentistry, as a natural insecticide and in sewage water treatment. At home, we apply slaked lime when we get stung by wasps. But for using slaked lime in remedies we need food grade slaked lime, usually it is very.

Hydrated lime additions have also improved the digestibility of wheat straw for sheep (Djajanegara, 1985). 90 In addition to livestock uses, hydrated lime has a long history of use in crop production as a plant disease 91 control agent, and is an essential component of lime sulfur (i.e., hydrated lime, elemental sulfur and water Lemons and limes are good additions to many hot or cold drinks. For example, a person can add chunks of lemon or lime to water to make citrus water, or they can use lemon or lime to flavor teas... And if you deal with frequent heartburn or acid reflux, drinking a glass of warm water with 2 teaspoons of lime juice about 30 minutes before meals may help prevent reflux symptoms. 3. Fights. The citric acid present in lime is an excellent fat burner. You can consume two glasses a day and see legitimate and remarkable results within a week. Some people have also got long-lasting weight. The terms limewash and whitewash are often used synonymously, but while limewash is a specific type of whitewash, other types of whitewash do not use lime as an ingredient

Limes: Nutrition, Benefits, Uses, and Side Effect

  1. Lime is generally alkaline or basic, and adding an acid causes a reaction. The end result of the reaction are salts, and they can be scrubbed away, revealing an un-reacted layer of lime. The main acids used are: acetic acid, phosphoric acid, and hydrochloric acid. Their more common names are: vinegar, cola, and muriatic acid for pools
  2. Limes are small, round green citrus fruits with an acidic, sour flavor. There are several species of limes: the Key lime, Persian lime, makrut lime, and desert lime. Most limes you'll find at the grocery store are Persian limes. Limes are often used in Mexican, Latin-American and Southeast Asian cuisine
  3. 'C' which can provide good antioxidants. Commercial cultivation of acid lime is definitely a most successful and profitable business due to lime demand throughout the year
  4. Keep a supply of baking soda or garden lime nearby in case you need to quickly neutralize muriatic acid. While sprinkling these substances full-strength will work, the best plan is to mix ½ cup.

Using Lime For Acidic Soil - How And When To Add Lim

LIME-A-WAY® uses sulfamic acid as its main ingredient, while a combo of gluconic acid, lactic acid, and other solvents are used in CLR®. According to Amazon reviews, CLR® seems to be leading the fight against hard water stains. CLR® appears to do what others can't, with top complaints being that LIME-A-WAY® is more watered-down. A lime (from French lime, from Arabic līma, from Persian līmū, lemon), is a citrus fruit, which is typically round, green in color, 3-6 centimetres (1.2-2.4 in) in diameter, and contains acidic juice vesicles.. There are several species of citrus trees whose fruits are called limes, including the Key lime (Citrus aurantiifolia), Persian lime, kaffir lime, and desert lime Sulphuric acid is specifically used to manufacture phosphate fertilisers such as superphosphate of lime and ammonium sulphate. All industrialised countries use sulphuric acid in this way. It is intrinsic to modern farming methods because when it is used to produce nitrogen fertilisers it increases the crop yield, essentially meaning that.

Agricultural lime (calcium carbonate) This is the most commonly used liming material on the North Coast. It consists of limestone crushed to a fine powder and is usually the cheapest material for correcting soil acidity. Good quality lime has 37-40% calcium Some of the significant Citric Acid uses are: Citric Acid in food as a flavoring agent and preservative, Citric Acid used in food can be considered. In products like beverages, soft drinks, Citric Acid used in food can be found. As a citric acid used in food, it is also used in making candies due to its sourness Much like the standard gardening lime that you might find being used as a neutralizer, natural limestone can also work to quell the acidic punch of muriatic sprays Calcite in Hydrochloric Acid. Andrew Alden. Every serious field geologist carries a small bottle of 10 percent hydrochloric acid to perform this quick field test, used to distinguish the most common carbonate rocks, dolomite, and limestone (or marble, which may be composed of either mineral). A few drops of the acid are put on the rock, and.

Lime juice, whether taken orally or applied topically, benefits your skin in several ways. Being rich in powerful antioxidants like Vitamin C, citric acid, and flavonoids, lime provides the following benefits to your skin: 1. Treats Dark Spots. Lime juice is considered as a natural bleaching agent due to its skin lightening properties Hydrated lime is used to purify waste water and industrial wastes, and control odors. It reduces soil acidity in farms, lawns and gardens. In construction, hydrated lime is an essential ingredient.

When to Use Lime as a Soil Amendment for Your Law

While traditional limestone is often used in the production of agricultural lime, dolomitic lime may also be selected for this purpose. Traditional limestone is able to add much-needed calcium into the soil in order to restore soil health and improve growing conditions. Because calcium is a base, aglime is often used in soil that is too acidic. Lime as we know it is a way to reduce the acidity in the soil. It is generally used for vegetables and other annual crops just before digging during winter. Gardeners specifically choose winter as this is the best time for the lime to sit on the soil and act on it without other elements hampering the process

benefits from lime may occur within the first few months after application. How long the effects of lime last will depend on the kind of lime used, total soil acidity, amount of organic matter, kind and amount of clay, and cropping and management systems used. A soil test three to four years after lime application will help provide the answer Lime can harm acid loving plants like blueberries. Does your lawn or garden need lime? If you live in southeastern North Carolina the answer to this question is a definite maybe. This is because our soils vary so much from one yard to the next. For some yards, lime needs to be added every few years.

Limestone is mostly made up of the mineral calcium carbonate (CaCO3). This is not very soluble, so rocks don't dissolve very quickly. But if you add an acid, you add hydrogen ions (H+), which will react with the carbonate to form hydrogen carbonate HCO3- ions, which are very soluble in water, and the limestone will dissolve. Or, if there is more acid, two hydrogen ions wil Orange to lime: 32 grams citric acid powder and 20 grams malic acid powder Pineapple to lemon: 52 grams citric acid powder Pineapple to lime: 32 grams citric acid powder and 20 grams malic acid powde

Lime mixture: prepare 200 litre empty drums with about 50/75kg of lime plus 2.5kg of sugar. Fill the drum with hot or warm freshwater and mix thoroughly. A handymax bulk carrier will use about 1,200kg to 1,500kg of lime. For a ship without paintwork intact, 600kg of lime can be used in a 10,000 cubic metre hold Medicinal Uses: Lime juice, given quickly, is an effective antidote for the painful oral irritation and inflammation that result from biting into aroids such as Dieffenbachia spp., Xanthosoma spp., Philodendron spp., and their allies. Lime juice has also been applied to relieve the effects of stinging corals

Why, When and How to Apply Lime to Your Law

  1. Can I Use Hydrated Lime to Raise the pH of Soil?. Except for acid-loving plants like camellias (Camellia spp.), which grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 6 through 10.
  2. Why lime is used . The main reason for using lime is to reduce the acidity of a soil that is acid or, in other words, to sweeten the soil. Few plants will grow well in a very acid soil mainly because their intake of plant foods is reduced; phosphates, in particular, get 'locked up' in acid soils
  3. The rich flavour and acid taste make lime a favourite for hot and spicy dishes, either fresh or in the form of pickles and sauces. Its refreshing qualities come to the fore in lime juice, lime tea and in use on other fruits such as pawpaw
  4. Suitable neutralizers include pulverized garden lime, baking soda, and plain water. If any muriatic acid splashes onto your skin, immediately wash the affected area in clean, cool water.
  5. At Blind Barber, McCray uses the acid-Curaçao mix in pre-batched drinks, including riffs on the Rum and Coke and Gin and Tonic, adding a mouthwatering acidity that mimics lime, without the added prep-time. He also stashes a bottle at home to mix into Daiquiris, where he subs it in place of lime juice for on-the-fly ease
Removal of Nitrogen Dioxide and Sulfur Dioxide from Air10 Facts about Bases | Fact File

10 Surprising Uses for Citric Acid Around Your Home

Citric Acid uses are considered as very much advantageous. Citric Acid is a natural acid in citrus fruits, tomatoes, and many fruits and vegetables. In many consumer goods, food as well as beverage sectors, citric acid use can be seen. Citric Acid being an acidulant, mainly produced by fermentation and citrate, is a derivative of Citric Acid It's possible to use citric acid and fresh lemon juice in many of the same ways, such as when you're canning fruits or vegetables to make jams, jellies, sauces or preserves. Use about 1/8 cup of lemon juice for each 1/2 teaspoon of citric acid. Both citric acid and lemon juice are used to lower pH level so the ingredients are safe for. Properties of Lime for Use in Construction The white powdered slaked lime has a wide range of applications in construction. The properties of lime are: Cementing capability- This is obtained by their carbonation with carbon dioxide. Lime is used as lime mortar for brick masonry construction. Have a higher acid resistance- due to its alkaline natur

What Is Muriatic Acid? Is It Dangerous

Lime (material) - Wikipedi

Abstract. This specification covers lime and limestone products that are suitable for chemical and industrial uses such as in waste acid neutralization, agricultural liming, soil stabilization, asphalt, flue gas desulfurization, drinking water softening, waste and wastewater neutralization, and wastewater treatment plant residuals stabilization Slaked lime is an inorganic compound whose chemical formula is Ca (OH)2. Its IUPAC name is calcium hydroxide. As it is produced by slaking quicklime (calcium oxide CaO) with water, that's why it is called slaked lime. It is known by many common names such as hydrated lime, caustic lime, builder's lime, slack lime, cal, milk of lime and.

The type of limestone treatment system used depends on the amount and ionic state of the iron in the AMD. Three groups of AMD are considered here (1) low iron AMD, (2) ferric iron AMD, and (3) ferrous iron AMD. Low Iron AMD. Low iron AMD is the easiest to treat. Limestone beds (Figure 8) and pulverized limestone (Figure 9) can be effectively used One of the most common citric acid use is for preserving foods. It is also added to provide a sour and acidic taste to food and drinks. It can easily mix with water thereby, making it acidic. Uses of Citric Acid Food Additive. Citric acid has a number of uses and is most commonly used as a food additive and a flavoring agent The result: acid reflux or heartburn. So, if lime is highly acidic, and the stomach needs highly acidic acid, it makes sense that lime is good for acid reflux, right? Lime Shots Versus Lime Juice With Water: A Slightly Tricky Choice. Pure, undiluted lime juice has a pH of around 2.5. This is a chemical measure of how acidic or alkaline a. Also asked, can you use muriatic acid to clean limestone? If you remember high school chemistry, limestone is calcium based and acids don't mix well with calcium. If you use an acid (i.e., muriatic acid) to try cleaning your limestone patio you will end up with a chemical reaction similar to the old vinegar and baking soda volcanoes, which could really damage your patio Hydrochloric Acid Uses Hydrochloric acid is an important and widely used chemical. The largest end uses for hydrochloric acid are steel pickling, oil well acidizing, food manufacturing, producing calcium chloride, and ore processing. Steel pickling Hydrochloric acid is used in pickling operations fo

5 Top Uses of Slaked Lime Hydrated Lime Calcium

https://www.tngun.com/identifying-limestone/ ‎http://www.amazon.com/Kingfisher-Field-Guide-Minerals-guides/dp/086272693X/Sheschinc-20 I needed some limeston.. Scale buildup, usually from lime or calcium, leaves surfaces looking dirty and can negatively affect performance of appliances, such as coffeemakers. Use citric acid to remove the scaly buildup Use lemon or lime juice on fish and in marinades for any type of meat. When looking for marinades and other recipes, try the ones that call for lemon or lime juice, and incorporate them into your menus at home. 10. Read the label. Choose products that are high in citric acid. Some lemon-lime sodas, for example, are relatively high in citric acid Different plants require different levels of acidity - hence we have ericaceous composts for acid loving plants.Most vegetables thrive when the soil is slightly acid i.e. a pH level between 6.5 and 7, Potatoes tend to prefer a lower pH, more acid soil and Brassicas prefer a slightly alkaline soil, pH of 7.0 or even slightly higher

Citric acid has many uses in food production. It is a flavor enhancer, preservative, and helps facilitate the ripening process. About 50 percent of the world's citric acid production is used as a flavor booster in beverages, and because citric acid is made in a powder form, it's added to dry foods such as seasoning salts, flavoring powders. Citric acid is an organic acid found inside citrus fruits like lemons, oranges, grapefruits, and limes, according to Science Daily. We use citric acid in a lot of our cleaners for our house cleaning Ventura CA clients. It is an environmentally safe cleaning agent and works as an antioxidant. Antioxidants help food stay edible for more extended. Limestone is a sedimentary rock composed primarily of calcite, a calcium carbonate mineral with a chemical composition of CaCO 3. It usually forms in clear, calm, warm, shallow marine waters. Limestone is usually a biological sedimentary rock, forming from the accumulation of shell, coral, algal, fecal, and other organic debris Since the ratio of carbonic acid, bicarbonate and carbonate stands in close relation to the pH of the solution (Figure 1) the hydroxide ions from the lime need to react with the carbonic acid (H 2 CO 3), carbon dioxide (CO 2 that hasn't formed carbonic acid yet) and bicarbonate (HCO-3) to increase the concentration of carbonate (CO 2-3) through the following reaction

Lemon vs. lime: Differences in nutrition, benefits, and use

When sodium salt of ethanoic acid, i.e., sodium ethanoate is heated with soda lime (3 parts of NaOH and 1 part of CaO), methane gas is formed. This reaction is known as decarboxylation because a molecule of CO 2 is removed from a molecule of acid As noted in T 617 - Analysis of lime, two forms of lime are used in the pulp and paper industry: quicklime or unslaked lime and hydrated or slaked lime.. Quicklime (calcium oxide, CaO) is a white crystalline mineral derived from the rapid thermal decomposition of limestone and generally obtained in a kiln; slaked lime (calcium hydroxide.

Use freshly squeezed lemon or lime on fruit salads. Besides adding a zesty taste, the acid in the juice will prevent cut fruits, such as apples, from browning. You'll have better-looking and healthier fruit salads. Use lemon or lime juice on fish and in marinades for any type of meat. Let the label be your guide Limestone is not a good material to use in areas with acid rain, however, as the acid can pit and wear away the mineral surface. Pulverized lime is used in farming and horticulture to raise the pH level of soil to make it more alkaline for the healthy growth of certain types of plants Citric Acid. Citric acid is found naturally in several fruits and berries, and is commonly added to many foods and beverages as a preservative or for flavor. It has a tart taste, and is also known as lemon salt or sour salt. Many of our customers use our citric acid to clean dishwashers and dishes, or to make fizzy bath bombs (fun!)

The following depicts the neutralization of hydrochloric acid by limestone. CaCO 3 + 2HCl → CaCl 2 + CO 2 + H 2 O Due to the presence of other calcium products in the limestone chips typically used it is quite possible for limestone to exert alakline influenes on the wastewater stream up to an beyond a pH of 11.0, meaning that an upper pH. [ Read: How to Treat Acid Reflux with Aloe Vera] Tips and Precautions. Though the use of baking soda with water, lime juice, honey and apple cider vinegar are wonderful tricks to get relief from the symptoms of acid reflux, one must be aware that these fixes are temporary. These remedies do not cure acid reflux completely

Cleaning Uses. Because citric acid kills bacteria, mold, and mildew, it's great for general disinfecting and cleaning. It's also effective at removing soap scum, hard water stains, calcium deposits, lime, and rust. Also, it serves as a preservative in many cleaning solutions. Because lemon juice contains 5 percent to 8 percent citric acid (per. Limestone acts as a soil acid neutralizer and consists of either calcium and magnesium carbonate or calcium carbonate. These are called dolomitic limestone and calcitic limestone respectively. The first thing that needs to be done is a soil test to see how acidic the soil actually is. You want your soil pH to be around 7.0, or neutral Hydrated Lime FGT grade is a high porosity hydrated lime with small median particle size, good flow properties and high total and available Ca(OH)2. Hydrated Lime HR grade is a high reactivty hydrated lime used in acid gas applications. Hydrated Lime is available to be shipped via rail or truck

Crop Response to Lime: The use of lime on acid soil increases the yield of most crops. Legumes greatly and sugarcane appreciably respond to lime application. Lime application substantially increased the yield of maize, wheat, gram, soybean and groundnut. The response to liming on jowar, moong, arhar, masoor, marua, cotton, barley, linseed and. Like many acid cleaners, muriatic acid can be used around the house to get rid of tough stains and molds, so long as it is done safely.Keeping safety warnings in mind, the substance can be quite useful in a number of areas. Here are just six of the different uses for hydrochloric acid 3. Removing Rusts. Oxalic acid is also used to remove rusts that are commonly found on plumbing pipes and kitchen countertops, and is a major ingredient found in commercial rust removers for sinks, tubs, and metal rust stains. 4. Other Uses. Aside from bleaching, rust removing, and stain removing, oxalic acid is also used as a reducing agent in. First Saturday is a patent-pending, eco-friendly insect repellent and antimicrobial that is lab proven and field tested to powerfully repel unwanted bugs. Lab testing shows that First Saturday is effective at repelling invasive insects without the toxic chemicals that can harm people, animals and our eco-system

If you live a rainy area where acid-loving plants such as rhododendrons and camellias thrive, your soil is likely acidic and may benefit from lime lawn treatment. The only way to find out for sure is to take a soil test (inexpensive tests are available at garden centers.) Use only on acid soils (below pH 6.0), which need lime. Have the soil tested and spread dry wood ashes at the same rate as recommended for agricultural lime. Although wood ashes usually have a lower percentage of lime (calcium carbonate equivalent—see table), the alkaline compounds present are more reactive than agricultural lime 4 For example, the calculation for the use of wood ash as a liming material is as follows: Wood ashes (K2CO3) molecular weight = 138 CaCO3 = 100 100/138 = 0.72 (CCE) or 72% effective compared to CaCO3 So if a recommendation from a soil called for 1,000 lbs. of agricultural lime (CaCO3), then you would divide the CCE of 0.72 (K2CO3) into the rate needed to determine th

Lime Water Benefits: For Healt

The Acid Test on Rocks. LIMESTONE, DOLOSTONE, AND MARBLE. Some rocks contain carbonate minerals, and the acid test can be used to help identify them. Limestone is composed almost entirely of calcite and will produce a vigorous fizz with a drop of hydrochloric acid. Dolostone is a rock composed of almost entirely of dolomite. It will produce a very weak fizz when a drop of cold hydrochloric. It is also used in some household cleaning products to remove lime scale. How acetic acid gets into the environment Acetic acid can enter the environment from discharge and emissions from industries

10 Health benefits of drinking lime juice with wate

•Use of 2.8 t/ha of Rusizi or Musanze unburned lime as alternative to the agricultural burned lime - decrease soil acidity. C. Yamoah etal 1996 41. Comparison of agricultural lime and quick lime Crop: Lucerne Agriculture lime : Increased pH from 5.3 to 5.6 Reduced Al level from 2 to 1.3 me/100g Moir et al 2009 42 Lime, any of several species and hybrids of trees and shrubs in the rue family (), widely grown in tropical and subtropical areas for their edible acidic fruits.The Persian lime (Citrus ×latifolia) is one of the most common commercial varieties, though the smaller key lime, or Mexican lime (C. ×aurantifolia), is also economically important in many places

Experiment - chemical changes

A solution with a pH between 5 and 7 is neutral, 8 or higher is a base, and 4 or lower is an acid. Lime juice, lemon juice and vinegar are acids, so they should have turned the indicator solution. Lime Softening 1 Lime Softening . Chemical precipitation is one of the more common methods used to soften water. Chemicals normally used are lime (calcium hydroxide, Ca(OH) 2) and soda ash (sodium carbonate, Na 2CO 3). Lime is used to remove chemicals that cause carbonate hardness. Soda ash is used to remove chemicals that cause non-carbonate.

Limestone Uses. Because it is widely available, generally strong and easy to carve, limestone has long been used as a building material. An acid test is used to identify the. With some slight variations, lemon vs lime contain similar content of nutrients, such as citric acid (a little more in limes), vitamin C, and folate. Citric acid is alkaline in nature, meaning that it stimulates calcium carbonate to neutralize other strong acids in the body. Pretty cool Mix 1 cup of baking soda, garden lime, or household ammonia in 1 gallon of water (roughly 250 mL in 4 L), or follow label instructions on an acid neutralizing product. Scrub this over the concrete and let sit at least ten minute to ensure that all the acid is neutralized. [26 The citric acid in limes and lemons can help numb the itch, all while being mildly antibacterial. The trick is you need to apply the juice early on, before you scratch. If you scratch the bite. Dolomitic lime and clacium carbonate are great when used with calsium sulphate, here in brasil we used to eliminate Al but we saw that besides giving a better ratio of calcium and Mg it also can take Ca to lower levels since de dolomitic lime and CaCO3 do not move easely in the soil.Obs:if you use CaSO4 with potasim fertilizers insted of CaCo3.

Problem with Rust on Bluestone. We receive calls each week from panicked homeowners shortly after installing their expensive Bluestone Pavers when their Stone Mason mistakenly uses Muriatic Acid to clean the grout residue, and within hours their beautiful bluestone turns yellow (see image above, lower area) due to the acid oxidizing the metals in the composition of the stone Salicylic acid is a beta hydroxy acid (BHA), a type of carbon-based organic compound that naturally occurs in willow bark, fruits, and vegetables, according to Caren Campbell, MD, a San Francisco. Before learning more about lime and garden lime uses, it's important to understand a basic chemistry concept called pH. The pH scale measures hydrogen ions on a scale ranging from 0 to 14. You've probably heard the terms acid and alkaline. Those terms refer to the far extremes of the scale, with 0 being a pure acid and 14 being a pure alkaline Limestone is a rock made of calcite. Most limestone is grey, but all colours of limestone from white to black have been found. Scientists test natural rock to see if it is limestone by pouring cold diluted hydrochloric or sulphuric acid (10% solution or vinegar) on it. Limestone gives off bubbles of carbon dioxide Hydrochloric acid is diluted with water to create a household cleaner that removes grout from tile and manganese stains from toilet bowls. It is also used in its pure form to remove stains from concrete, melt concrete off surfaces and clean algae growth from the bottom of boats. Some commercial uses for hydrochloric acid are leather processing.

Limewashed Brick 101: All About the Treatment and How to

Use 1 tsp. citric acid per qt. of water or juice when canning produce to help preserve the final product. Add 1 tsp. citric acid per qt. of rinse and soak water when sprouting seeds until ready to consume. Use 1 and 1/2 oz. per 100 lbs. of meat when preserving meat, such as jerky. Add to meat while seasoning the meat and prior to casing. Removing Lime Scale With Hydrochloric Acid. One of the most difficult materials to remove from porcelain and tile is Lime scale. This is caused by hard water creating a chalky white substance that can build up in your toilet, shower, sinks and pipes. Removing the heavier deposits will require the use of strong chemicals such as hydrochloric acid Citric acid is a natural substance found in lemons, limes, oranges, and grapefruits. It is nontoxic, antibacterial, and antiseptic. It has much the same use as vinegar. In commercial products, citric acid is used to remove hard water buildup on dishes and glassware

Citric acid, or citrate, is an organic acid that exists in all fruits, especially in citrus fruits used to make fruit juices. Fruit juice varies in citric acid content, depending upon the type of fruit and the use of citric acid additives. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration considers citric acid a safe natural acid in the diet Nitric acid is a nitrogen oxoacid of formula HNO3 in which the nitrogen atom is bonded to a hydroxy group and by equivalent bonds to the remaining two oxygen atoms. It has a role as a protic solvent and a reagent. It is a conjugate acid of a nitrate. Nitric acid (HNO3)